NRI, Wealth Management

How can a Non-Resident Indian (NRI) Invest in India

In today's globalized world, Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) are continuously looking for ways to invest in their home country, India. NRIs might pursue a variety of goals, including financial security, asset diversification, and simply supporting family and contributing to India's prosperity. However, navigating the legal framework and comprehending the complexities of investment possibilities can be challenging. Let us simplify the process and provide light on how NRIs can invest effectively in India.

Understanding NRE and NRO Accounts

Before pursuing investment opportunities, it is essential to have a thorough understanding of the banking system for NRIs. Especially, Their financial requirements are met by two primary accounts: the Non-Resident Ordinary (NRO) Account and the Non-Resident External (NRE) Account.

What is an NRE account?

  • A NRE account is an external rupee account, meaning the funds are fully repatriable.
  • It allows NRIs to transfer and maintain their overseas earnings in Indian rupees.
  • The interest earned on NRE account deposits is tax-free in India.
  • Funds in this account can be easily repatriated abroad, along with the interest earned.

What is an NRO account?

  • The purpose of an NRO account is to manage income earned in India, including pension, dividends, and rent.
  • The funds in this account are not fully repatriable, meaning there are restrictions on transferring funds abroad.
  • Interest earned on NRO account deposits is taxable in India.
  • It facilitates the management of income earned in India and enables local remittances.

How is an NRE Account different from NRO Account?


  • NRO Accounts: These accounts have limited access for repatriation. An NRO account restricts you from remitting more than USD 1 million inclusive of taxes during an assessment year. You can repatriate the interest amount freely, but the principal amount can be repatriated only within set limits. It also necessitates an undertaking along with a certificate from a Chartered Accountant.
  • NRE Accounts: Repatriation is free for NRE account holders for both the principal and the interest amount.

Tax treatment

  • NRE accounts: Enjoy tax-free status. Interest income, wealth tax, and gift tax are all exempt in India.
  • NRO accounts: Interest earned is subject to tax in India according to your income tax bracket. You may be eligible for reduced tax benefits under Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements (DTAA) to avoid double taxation.

Joint Account Holding

  • NRE accounts: Can only be held jointly by two NRIs.
  • NRO accounts: Offer more flexibility. You can open a joint account with another NRI or even a resident Indian close relative (as defined under Section 6 of the Companies Act 1956).

Investment Avenues for NRIs

Once the banking infrastructure is in place, NRIs are able to explore a plethora of investment opportunities in India:

1. Equity Investments:

  • NRIs can invest in the Indian stock market through the Portfolio Investment Scheme (PIS) route provided by designated banks.
  • They can invest in equities listed on the Indian stock exchanges, either directly or through mutual funds.
  • It's essential to comply with the regulations established by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) while investing in equities.

2. Fixed Deposits and Bonds:

  • NRE and NRO accounts enable NRIs to invest in fixed deposits (FDs) offered by Indian banks.
  • They can also invest in government and corporate bonds, which provide fixed returns over a specified period.
  • FDs and bonds offer a relatively low-risk investment option with predictable returns.

3. Real Estate:

  • Real estate has always been a favored investment avenue for NRIs seeking to diversify their portfolio.
  • NRIs can invest in residential as well as commercial properties in India.
  • It's essential to conduct extensive research, understand local regulations, and verify property titles before making investments in real estate.

4. Mutual Funds:

  • NRIs can invest in mutual funds in India, both equity and debt funds, through the PIS route.
  • Mutual funds offer diversification, professional management, and flexibility in investment amounts.
  • It's crucial to select funds that align with one's risk appetite, investment objectives, and time horizon.

5. Government Securities and Debentures:

  • NRIs have the option to invest in government securities and debentures issued by Indian entities.
  • These investments provide a fixed income stream and are relatively low risk.
  • NRIs need to ensure compliance with RBI guidelines while investing in these instruments.

NRE and NRO accounts are both valuable tools for NRIs seeking to invest in India. Understanding the main differences between the two accounts as well as their tax implications will ensure you select the right option to meet your investment goals. It's also advisable to consult with a financial professional for personalized guidance on your investment strategy in India.

Disclaimer: The report only represents the personal opinions as well as views of the author. Also, No part of the report should be considered a recommendation for buying/selling any stock. Thus, the report & references mentioned are only for the information of the readers about the industry stated.

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