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Tata Group Structure – Diversified Business Verticles

Tata Group was found by Jamsetji Tata in 1868. Presently, the group is a global enterprise, headquartered in India. It comprises 30 companies across ten verticals.

Its headquarters are located in Mumbai.

At present The Tata Group operates in more than 100 countries across six continents, with a mission to improve the quality of life of the communities. Further, Tata Sons Private Limited is the principal investment holding company. It is the promoter of Tata companies.

Moreover, philanthropic trusts holds 66% of the equity share capital of Tata Sons. This Trust supports education, health, livelihood generation and art and culture.

Tata group has a very diversified business vertical which includes following industries:

  • Aerospace & Defense
  • Information technology
  • Steel
  • Infrastructure
  • Automotive
  • Consumer & Retail
  • Financial services
  • Tourism & Travel
  • Telecom & Media
  • Trading & Investments

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Tata Group Structure - Tata Sons

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TATA Group Structure

Renowned Brands of TATA

Following are the popular brands - Tata group

Tata Brands

(A) Indian Hotels Company Ltd

The Indian Hotels Company Limited (IHCL) was incorporated in year 1902. IHCL is South Asia's Largest Hospitality Company with a legacy of 115 years. The Company does business of short-term accommodation activities, and restaurants and mobile food service activities. Mr Puneet Chhatwal is the Mg Director and Chief Executive Director of the Company.

Further, the Company does the business of owning, operating and managing hotels, palaces and resorts. The Company's segments include Hoteliering and Others, which consists of air catering and investing activities.

Its area of business includes Taj, Taj Safaris, Vivanta by Taj, The Gateway Hotel, Ginger, and Taj Trade and Transport. Its other areas of business include Taj Air. The Company has 179 Hotels in India across 26 states/UTs.

(B) Tata Elxsi Ltd

Tata Elxsi Limited predominantly designs and develops systems and software for industry verticals such
as automotive, aerospace, broadcast, communication, consumer electronics and semiconductors.

Moreover, the Company brings together the best technology and user-centric design expertise to help customers deliver innovative solutions and great consumer experiences.

(C) Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) Ltd

Tata Consultancy Services Limited is currently the largest Indian IT services company.

It was listed on the National Stock Exchange (NSE) and the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) in August 2004.

Moreover, TCS offers a rich portfolio of services, which includes consulting and service integration, digital transformation services and cognitive business operations.

The company serves the industries such as banking, financial services and insurance (BFSI), retail and consumer business, communication, media and technology, manufacturing, and others.

(D) Tata Communication Ltd

Tata Communication Ltd (TCL) was Incorporated in 1986.

The Company enables the digital transformation of enterprises globally. Also, TCL is a global communications company. It offers voice, data and value-added services to enterprises, carriers and retail consumers.

Further, It is among the world’s largest providers of wholesale international voice services and operates one of the biggest global submarine cable networks.

(E) Tata Chemicals Ltd

Tata Chemicals Limited (TCL), established in 1939. TCL’s business segments include basic chemistry products and special Chemistry products.

Company offers inorganic chemistry solutions that serve the world’s leading downstream brands.

Further, Soda ash, soda bicarbonate, cement, salt, marine chemicals , crushed refined soda, Agro Sciences, Nutritional Sciences and Material Sciences are Company's key products.

(F) Tata Investment Corporation Ltd

Tata Investment Corporation is a non-banking financial company. The Company is primarily does busines of investing in long-term investments such as equity shares and equity-related securities.

In 1937, Tata Sons Ltd promoted Tata Investment Corporation Limited under the name The Investment Corporation of India Limited.

The Company remained a closely held company till 1959, when it became one of the few publicly held investment companies listed on the Stock Exchange, Mumbai.

During the 1960s and 1970s the Company’s activities underwent a gradual transformation from assisting in the establishment of new ventures, to acting as an investment company with a diversified portfolio of investments. 

(G) Trent Ltd

Trent Ltd was originally incorporated as Lakme Limited (“Lakme”) on December 5, 1952. Lakme was in the business of manufacturing, sale and export of cosmetics, toiletries and perfumery products.

Further, in 1998, Lakme decided to divest from its cosmetics business and decided to pursue the field of apparel retailing, given the absence of established brands in most categories.

Indeed, it was decided that Lakme would establish a strong presence in the apparel and soft goods retailing market by opening a chain of departmental stores across the country.

Additionally, Trent’s flagship concept- Westside offers branded fashion apparel, footwear and accessories for women, men and children, along with a range of home furnishings & decor.

companies runs other business under the same brand such Zudio, Landmark and Starmarket.

(H) Titan Company Ltd

Titan Company is one of India’s prominent lifestyle company. 

Moreover, It is the 5th largest integrated own brand watch manufacturer in the world.

The company’s Tanishq brand of jewellery is today one of the most trusted and respected lifestlye brands in India.

Titan also operates its eyewear business through its Titan eyeplus stores.

Titan's other popular brands include Fastrack, Sonata and Raaga. It recently entered the perfume business with Skinn and launched Taneira, a destination for fine silk sarees.

(I) Tata Steel Ltd

Tata Steel was established in 1907. It is Asia’s first integrated private steel company. With this, the Company developed India’s first industrial city at Jamshedpur. 

Company Tata Steel took shape from the vision of founder Jamset ji N Tata and is today one of the world's most geographically-diversified steel producers with operations and commercial presence across the world.

Moreover, this Steel group has presence across five continents. It has an employee base of over 65,000.

Further more, Currently, Tata Steel's consolidated India crude steel production capacity stands at 19.6 MnTPA with manufacturing facilities in Jamshedpur in Jharkhand, Kalinganagar and Dhenkanal in Odisha, Sahibabad in Uttar Pradesh and Khopoli in Maharashtra.

(J) Tata Power Company Ltd.

In India Tata Power is the Largest Integrated Power Company. The Company is present across the entire power value chain of conventional & renewable energy, power services and next-generation customer solutions including solar rooftop and EV charging stations.

Tata Power, together with its subsidiaries & joint entities, has 13,061 MW of generation capacity, of which 32%  comes from clean and green sources.

Also, the Company is into energy-saving power services, making India EV ready with multi-city EV charging stations and being India's #1 rooftop solar provider. Moreover, the Company is continuously delivering green technology for the smart consumer.

(K) Tata Motors Ltd

Tata Motors is a $34 billion global automobile manufacturing company. Its diverse portfolio includes an extensive range of cars, sports utility vehicles, trucks, buses, and defence vehicles. The Company was found in 1868.

Tata Motors is one of India's largest OEMs offering an extensive range of integrated, smart, and e-mobility solutions.

Tata Motors continues to take the lead in shaping the Indian commercial vehicle landscape, with the introduction of leading-edge powertrains and electric solutions packaged for power performances and user comfort at the lowest life-cycle costs. 

(L) Voltas Ltd

Voltas is India’s Largest Air Conditioner Company. Its market share is over 24%. It was found in 1954. The Company is a global engineering solutions provider and a project specialist.

Voltas offers a comprehensive range of cooling solutions including air conditioners, air coolers, water coolers, water dispensers and commercial refrigeration products.

Recently, the Company also forayed into the air purifiers market.

It enjoys a strong presence across India, the Middle East, South East Asia, and Africa.

(M) Tata Consumer Products Ltd

Tata Consumer Products is a focused consumer products company uniting the food and beverage interests of the Tata group under one umbrella.

It is home to key brands such as Tata Tea, Tetley, Tata Salt, Eight O’Clock Coffee, Himalayan Natural Mineral Water, Tata Coffee Grand, Joekels and Tata Sampann.

With a combined reach of over 200 million households in India, it has an unparalleled ability to leverage the Tata brand in consumer products.

In the beverages business, Tata Consumer Products is the second largest player in branded tea in the world with over 330 million servings everyday across the world.

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References:  Annual Reports, News Publications, Investor Presentations, Corporate Announcements, Management Discussions, Analyst Meets & Management Interviews, Industry's Publications.

Disclaimer: The report only represents personal opinions and views of the author. No part of the report should be considered as recommendation for buying/selling any stock. Thus, the report & references mentioned are only for the information of the readers about the industry stated.

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